Tuesday, April 5, 2016

How Was The Recreational Red Snapper Season Calculated?

The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council does not set the red snapper season length. Season length is calculated by scientists from National Marine Fisheries Service and is based on landings from previous fishing years. The Council does decide on regulations such as size limits, season openings, and allocation among the different components of the fishery, but the amount of time it will take to harvest the annual catch target of any fish is not a political decision, it’s a scientifically based calculation.

This year’s Gulf-wide red snapper recreational annual catch target is 5,753,600 pounds. The private recreational red snapper quota is 3,319,827 pounds and the federal for-hire red snapper quota is 2,433,773 pounds.

Let’s take a look at how the season length is calculated.. 

To estimate how many days it will take to harvest the annual catch target, scientists use catch rates and average fish size from previous years to project what will happen this year. In fact, 10 different scenarios, or models, are used to make the prediction. Five of the models use catch rates and average weights from recent years and simply apply them directly to this year. The other five scenarios are based on regression models that forecast catch rates and average weights based on historical trends.  All the projection scenarios incorporate the differences by state or region (i.e., eastern and western Gulf) and differences between mode of fishing (i.e. private and for-hire).

The results of these models are applied directly to the federally permitted charter for-hire component of the fishery. The resulting 2016 median projected for-hire red snapper season is 48 days (range: 38-56 days).

The private recreational season calculation is a bit more complicated. Fish that are harvested in state waters count against the federal quota, so the private recreational red snapper quota must be reduced by the amount of fish harvested during the state seasons. (The federal for-hire quota is not reduced by the state water season because federally permitted vessels are not allowed to fish state seasons so, there are no state season fish harvested by federally permitted vessels.)


This year, the effect that state seasons have on the federal private recreational season length will be greater because Florida is proposing a state season that is 8 days longer than last year, and the state waters in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama were extended from 3 to 9 nautical miles for the purposes of red snapper management. Without historical data on how extended state waters will change things, scientists are forced to make assumptions oh how the changes will affect landings. To calculate this year’s private recreational red snapper season length scientists examined the impacts of increases in state water catch rates on federal private season length and 



projected a Gulf-wide 2016 federal private recreational red snapper season of 8 days (range: 6-9 days).

Thursday, March 31, 2016

Council Meeting Preview: April 2016

Photo: Joseph Cawthon
The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council meets next week at the Doubletree Hotel in Austin, Texas to discuss some important decisions for our Gulf of Mexico fisheries. One of the hottest topics on the agenda is a presentation from National Marine Fisheries Service on this year's recreational red snapper season projection. 

You’re always welcome to join us in person but, since it’s not always practical to travel for a meeting, you can also watch a live broadcast of the meeting. This agenda and the background materials will help you be prepared for what the Council is addressing.

Public comment will be held on Wednesday, April 6th at 1:45 pm. If you can’t make it to the meeting to testify, visit this page on our website to submit comments and learn about all of the fisheries management issues we’re currently working on.

Here’s a quick look at some of the issues the Council will address next week: 

Modifications to Charter Vessel and Headboat Reporting 
The Council is working on an amendment that considers modifying the frequency and method of reporting for charter vessels and headboats fishing for reef fish and coastal migratory pelagics in the Gulf of Mexico. In January, the Council requested that the Southeast Fishery Science Center develop a flowchart illustrating alternatives for implementing electronic reporting for federally permitted for-hire vessels. During the April meeting, the Council will review the alternatives outlined in the flowchart and hear an update on the commercial electronic reporting pilot program. 

Photo: George Niles
King Mackerel
The Council is scheduled to take final action on Amendment 26 to the Coastal Migratory Pelagics fishery management plan. Amendment 26 considers changing allocations, stock boundaries, and sale provisions for king mackerel in the Gulf and South Atlantic. 

Red Snapper Management for Federally Permitted Charter Vessels
The Council will review the input received from the its Ad Hoc Red Snapper Charter-for-Hire Advisory Panel on Reef Fish Amendment 41 which considers creating a red snapper management plan for federally permitted for-hire vessels fishing under the for-hire component of the recreational red snapper allocation. The Council will also discuss the latest draft of the amendment and decide how to move forward.

Federal Reef Fish Headboat Management
The Council will also review a revised draft of Reef Fish Amendment 42 which considers creating a management plan for federally permitted headboats fishing for reef fish in the Gulf of Mexico. 

Photo: Ava Lasseter
Framework Action - Modify Red Grouper Annual Catch Limit
Based on its science advisors’ conclusions, the Council is considering whether to increase the ACL, which can be set below or equal to the acceptable biological catch (ABC).  The Council is scheduled to take final action on this Framework Amendment. 

Shrimp Amendment 17B
The Council will discuss Shrimp Amendment 17B which considers shrimp permit issues such as setting a minimum threshold number of Gulf shrimp vessel permits and whether to create a Gulf shrimp vessel permit reserve pool, specification of optimum yield, and issues about transiting in federal waters. The Council recently convened a working group to estimate the aggregate maximum sustainable yield and optimum yield for all shrimp species, and a summary report of that meeting will be provided to the Council.

Photo: Emily Muehlstein
Hogfish Annual Catch Limit, Minimum Size Limit, and Stock Definition
The Gulf Council is will review a public hearing draft of an Amendment that considers taking responsibility for the western stock of hogfish, which is located entirely in the Gulf of Mexico jurisdiction. The Council is also considering setting an annual catch limit and increasing both the commercial and recreational minimum size limit for hogfish. 






As always, if you have any questions or concerns contact us at gulfcouncil@gulfcouncil.org

Monday, March 7, 2016

Meet the Council: Vice Chair Leann Bosarge

Members of the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council make incredibly important decisions about our fishery by balancing their own experience and expertise with input they receive from the public. Each member of the Council is appointed because of their intimate understanding of some aspect of the fishery. Leann Bosarge is no exception.

Leann Bosarge, the Gulf Council Vice Chair, was practically born in a pair of shrimp boots. She comes from a long line of shrimpers and fishermen who were some of the first people to settle the coastal areas of Mississippi and Alabama. They set down roots, found a way to make a living, and have thrived in the fishing industry ever since. 

Leann’s father worked in the commercial fishing industry harvesting whatever the season provided; red snapper, oysters, pompano, crabs, and of course, shrimp. Luckily, Leann has always enjoyed the family business and has been working there since she was 13.  She started outside doing anything and everything; heading shrimp, working on refrigeration, running the blasting pot, and even helping to rebuild engines. In fact, she didn’t earn a spot in the office until she was in her mid 20’s.

Although Leann loved her family business, she was encouraged to branch out and try something different - just to make sure she wouldn’t rather do something besides the family business. Leann earned her Bachelors Degree in accounting and finance and began working for a large, publicly traded bank. 

Even with the responsibility of her bank job Leann couldn’t stay away from fishing and the family business. While maintaining her day job, Leann developed a market for a highly sought after baitfish. Her family’s boats harvested these fish with a modified shrimp net specifically designed by the Bosarges. Many mornings she would leave at 3 a.m. to deliver bait to the charter boats in Orange Beach, Alabama before going to work at the bank. Some evenings she would do a second run when the boats returned from their charters. 

Leann earned her Masters degree in Business from the University of South Alabama, and after five years at the bank she was ready for a change. She felt limited in a large company where she was given a specific role and finite responsibility. Leann wanted to take on projects and make strategic decisions, so she returned to the family business. She jokes that she traded her paid time off, health insurance, and retirement for more responsibility and an extra bathroom to clean.

Leann loves working with fishermen. She helps manage the family fleet and even had the opportunity to work as vessel coordinator after the oil spill in 2010. After suffering a hit from Katrina and struggling with overcapitalization and low prices in the shrimp fishery, Leann helped the family’s business diversify and complement their shrimping business. Bosarge Boats does endangered species relocation work. Essentially, using modified nets, they sweep for turtles in front of dredge boats. They’re able to collect scientific data and relocate turtles offshore and out of harm's way. 

Leann answered a few questions to give us some insight on her perspective as a manager of our Gulf Fishery:

What motivates you to serve on the Gulf Council?
“I’ve been in the industry my whole life and it’s an honor to have the opportunity to sit on the Council that shapes the direction of the fishery. I hope to direct policy in ways that address fisheries issues proactively to ensure viability and success for both fishermen and the ecosystem.”

What is the most important issue in the fishery right now?
“The Gulf of Mexico is an amazing marine resource that evolves and changes over time. The humans that use the Gulf change, too. Unfortunately, the human population which depends upon the resource, grows exponentially while the environment does not. The most important task we’re faced with is maintaining a healthy resource and then finding a way to balance the demand for the resource fairly. We all need a better understanding of the different user groups in the Gulf. We must engage commercial and recreational anglers in a productive and respectful atmosphere where they can work together to share the resource in a way that allows the fishery to remain healthy over time”.

Can you share with us a favorite fishing story?
“As a young girl I distinctly remember a specific season opening on my father’s shrimp boat with my dad, mom, two sisters, and one deck hand. It was really rough that year but the shrimp weren’t going to catch themselves, so our entire family went despite big seas and gusty winds. My sisters and I were really seasick. We set out, made some tows and finished the first clock (24 hours). Mom cooked a big meal for everyone - nobody but she and dad could eat it.  At some point I remember my daddy holding my youngest sister, who was no older than four at the time. He had her in his arms at the wheel of the boat when she got sick right into the shrimp boots he was wearing. It was then that he decided it might be too rough and headed in behind the barrier islands to take cover from the storm and clean out his boots!”